The Medieval Italian City State

Northern Italy’s characteristic walled cities flourished during the late Middle Ages and laid the foundations for urban life in modern Europe.

Ancient walled cities dot the landscape of Northern Italy. They perch on hilltops like Bergamo and San Gimignano. They nestle in picturesque river valleys like Florence and Verona. They lie by river banks in the flat valley of the River Po like Mantua and Vicenza…

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